Any operation or set of operations performed upon data, whether or not by automatic means, such as collection, recording, organization, storage, adaptation or alteration to convert it into useful information. • The four basic arithmetic operations are addition,subtraction,multiplication and division. Collecting data and it’s implications are very important aspects of managing and ensuring statistical authenticity. The data is processed through computer; Data and set of instructions are given to the computer as input and the computer automatically processes the data according to the given set of instructions. Aggregation – combining multiple pieces of data. It does not have implementation specific information like field, data types, size and file type. n. (Computer Science) a. a sequence of operations performed on data, esp by a computer, in order to extract information, reorder files, etc. This prevents data theft, misuse and loss of data. 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