Every spring after shearing our 9- to 16-month old ram and ewe lambs are ultrasounded for rib eye area (REA). Icelandic sheep. … Merino has been domesticated and bred in ways that would not allow them to survive well without regular shearing by their owners. Also in 1996, Peggy Newman imported SAMM embryos from South Africa creating the first SAMM flock in Canada. These sheep are slightly smaller than our Columbias, with excellent carcass quality and fine wool. MERINO SOUTH AFRICA MODERN MERINO: THE BENCHMARK BREED An unique dual purpose breed, producing unequaled top quality medium to ultra-fine wool and marketable carcass from a wide spectrum of grazing / climatic conditions. Two studies, the first over six days and the other over two days were conducted using South African Meat Merino × Merino ewes averaging 55 (±5) kg and 22 months of age, respectively. It took us almost 20 years to get all our Columbias to their current levels of production in these traits, so we will keep working with the SAMMS to achieve the same results. This project is an initiative of the Western Cape Department of Agriculture. South African Mutton Merino This unique South African white wooled mutton sheep breed is considered to be a dual purpose breed. It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. To find out why farmers are willing to pay record-high prices for his dual-purpose sheep, Mike Burgess visited his stud on the farm Bloubosfontein. They can produce about 3.5 to 4.5 kg of medium/strong wool. [1] The Deutsche Fleisch Merino is a common meat sheep in Germany, Austria, and Poland. To add meat production to their super mama cross in 2006 all of the F-1’s were mated with a couple of 5/8 South African Meat Merino and 3/8 Rambouillet cross rams with the first set of lambs being born in 2007. Introductory information taken from National Sheep Improvement Program. The … The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. We are still in the process of evaluating the maternal, growth, carcass and wool traits of these SAMMs. It is a dual purpose meat/wool sheep that is hardy and performs well in harsh, dry conditions. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_African_Meat_Merino&oldid=894347770, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 April 2019, at 08:49. 2011 MICRON REPORT on ewe J948 (104-O’s dam), from Montana Wool Laboratory: Micron                               21.2 (1-20-13). In 2010 our SAMM stud ram 801-Y had the largest rib eye area of all 33 yearling rams at 4.65 square inches, and weighed 290 lbs at 16 months of age. The breed was introduced into Western Australia in 1996 from South Africa. The SAMM is derived from the German Merinofleischschaf animals imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932 CATTLE GOAT SHEEP We are the best We have all your choice of livestock and here there are, Angus,Afrikaner,Bonsmara Brahman,Boran, … We believe that a truly productive animal has an equation The South African Mutton Merino was developed from a small nucleus of German Mutton Merino sheep in South Africa and is considered a dual-purpose breed. Accelerated sheep production typically encompasses two breeding a… Ewes … Merinos, in great numbers will be found in the drier Northern Cape province, on the fertile lands of the winter rainfall areas of the Western Cape and millions of Merino sheep run on the Karooveld and Grassveld of the Eastern Cape and Free State. Ewes will produce 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) to 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) of medium/strong wool. Through careful selection the breed grew in popularity and was eventually recognized as a separate breed in 1971. Icelandic Sheep is from Iceland, they are not a tall breed but they are broad. Cừu lấy thịt Merino Nam Phi (tên tiếng Anh: South African Meat Merino hay viết tắt là SAMM) là một giống cừu lấy thịt cừu hoặc len có nguồn gốc ở Nam Phi, nhưng hiện nay đã tìm thấy trên khắp thế giới.Đây là một giống cừu kiêm dụng cho thịt, sữa và len nhưng thiên về hướng thịt. They are dual-purpose animals, and good for both meat and wool production. In 1937 the Merino Breeders’ Society (now Merino S.A.) was founded and serves as the mutual forum for stud and commercial Merino farmers as well as the planner and mouthpiece of all Merino activities in South Africa. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world Rockdale 05-0182 RR, SAMM in Australia The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. Coefficient of variation      15.8% South African Meat Merino (SAMM) sheep were imported into South Africa by the Department of Agriculture from 1936 to 1974 from Germany where the Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. SAMM rams have almost entirely replaced British breeds as terminal sires in the harsh regions of South Africa, where they and their hybrids are more adaptable than the former breeds. Coefficient of variation    14.1% They were first imported into Australia in 1996. The South African Meat Merino sheep is a breed of domestic sheep originating in South Africa. The SAMM is derived from the German Merinofleischschaf animals imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932, to improve the quality of wool and meat from sheep in South Africa. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. spin count                         64 (1-26-12). All Rights Reserved. SAMM rams have almost entirely replaced British breeds as terminal sires in the harsh regions of South Africa, where they (and their hybrids) are more adaptable than the former breeds. Website Design & Hosting by Western Web Technologies, Inc. Langhus-bred 23-month old SAMM stud ram 012-G out of Kitzan-bred ewe 9221 (Closeburn breeding) and sired by our 801-Y SAMM stud ram. They were first imported into Australia in 1996. Despite the name, the breed is a dual-purpose animal and raised for both meat and wool production. In time, John Albertyn bought all his rams at production auctions from breeders such as Staatmaker Merinos, Patryskraal Merinos, and Komarsekraal in the Southern Cape. So, we ultrasound the sheep when their wool length is at its shortest and retains a minimal amount of oil. Langhus Sheep. In 1999, Dwight and Gwendolyn Kitzan from Nisland, South Dakota – USA, imported one of Newman’ embryo SAMM ram and have been developing the SAMM breed in the United States using top Australian SAMM producers bloodlines. . The most appropriate sheep breed depends upon environmental conditions, the producer’s desired management intensity, and personal preference. Today it is a common breed of sheep and found throughout the world. SOUTH AFRICAN MEAT MERINO A small flock of German Meat Merinos were imported to South Africa in the 1930's as a research project. In 1999, Dwight and Gwendolyn Kitzan from Nisland, South Dakota, USA, imported one of Newmans’ embryo SAMM rams and have been developing the SAMM breed in the United States using top Australian SAMM producers’ bloodlines [via artificial insemination]. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. The South African breed was recognised as separate in 1971 when the name was changed to South African Mutton Merino. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. The breed name then changed again upon the introduction to Western Australia in 1996 to Prime SAMM (South African Meat Merino). Photo: Willem Olivier Description The Merino is a medium frame white wool sheep. Both rams and ewes are polled. SAMMs are a true dual purpose polled sheep (60:40 meat to wool). (9-20-11), Langhus-bred 11-month old SAMM ewe lamb Prime SAMM's are well suited to the Australian environment and have the ability to thrive in tough conditions. Accelerated flocks must be able to lamb out of season, produce large lamb crops, reach sexual maturity at an early age, and grow rapidly. Through careful selection the breed grew in popularity and was eventually recognized as a separate breed in 1971. SAMM stud ram 801-Y on far right (2 Langhus-bred Columbia stud rams on the left and center). Henning Vorster sold a SA Mutton Merino ram for a South African record price of R110 000 at the National Sale in Bloemfontein in 2017. In judging SAMMs the emphasis is on conformation (in relation to producing meat), 60%, and not on the animal's wool (40%). In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merino and then into English as German Mutton Merino. The delicacy such as the head and ribs were the first to be sold. In 2020, we were able to sell three lambs as direct sales to consumers. Ewes and rams are both hornless. SAMM's SAMM's (South African Meat Merino's), originally known as the German Meat Merino and known as PRIME SAMM's in Australia, is a dual purpose meat-wool sheep (60:40 meat to wool). 51 … Mature ewes average 2.2 lambs per lambing; ewe lambs, 2.0. The dual-purpose Merino is also called the German Merino and was used to develop other sheep breeds such as the Dormer and Dohne Merino. In the photo below you can see a dark vertical stripe over this ram’s ribs (behind the leather marking harness straps) demonstrating the effects of the oil on a year’s worth of wool growth. We purchased our first South African Meat Merino (SAMM) ewes in 2006 from Dwight and Gwen Kitzan, Nisland, South Dakota. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding program at Elsenburg. Comfort factor                    99.5% Copyright 2012. South African Meat Merino (SAMM), American Rambouillet and German Merinofleischschaf have been bred to balance wool production and carcass quality. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. 2011 MICRON REPORT on stud ram  801-Y, from Yocom McColl Testing Laboratories: Micron                                21.1 Mature ewes will grow up to about 210 lb and rams to over 220 lb. Leader in Wool and Mutton Production. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world Rockdale 05-0182 RR, SAMM in Australia The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. Standard deviation            3.0 microns South African Mutton Merino . The SAMM is bred specifically to produce a slaughter lamb at an early age (35 kg (77 lb) at 100 days of age). Also in 1996, Peggy Newman imported SAMM embryos from South Africa creating the first SAMM flock in Canada. Three lamb crops in two years is common. The only polymorphic breeds at the albumin locus were the South African Meat Merino and Van Rooy breeds. The South African Meat Merino is known to be a dual purpose sheep for its wool and meat quality. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. Ewes have … In 2012 our SAMM stud ram 012-G had one of the largest rib eye areas of all 30 yearling SAMM and Columbia rams on our farm. In South Africa, the German name was translated into Afrikaans as Duitse Vleis Merino and then into English as "German Mutton Merino". In 1974, the South African Breed Society … The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. The breed then changed its name in Australia to Prime SAMM (South African Meat Merino). The vegetable oil used as a contact medium leaves an oily residue which attracts a lot of dirt over the subsequent year. The meat from the Saeftinger is a culinary specialty. Standard deviation             3.3 microns Comfort factor                  99.4% It is a dual purpose meat/wool sheep that is … The wool is classified separately from the higher quality wool of Merinos, to avoid the risk of contamination of the latter with hair and kemp fibre from the SAMM wool.[2]. We believe in the future of the sheep industry. Ewes have a good maternal instinct and high milk production. Ewes will produce 7.7 lb to 9.9 lb of wool [20 to 24 microns or 60 to 70 spin count]. Since then we have added more SAMM sheep from the Kitzan flock, and our SAMMS now have bloodlines from Closeburn, Gracefield and Rockdale studs in Australia. 104-O out of Gracefield breeding from Australia and sired by our SAMM stud ram 801-Y. Westray Prime Samm was established in 2001 as Flock No. Through careful selection the breed grew in popularity and was eventually recognized as a separate breed in 1971. Mean fiber curvature        not available. South African Meat Merino Sheep: Characteristics & Information The South African Meat Merino sheep is a breed of domestic sheep originating in South Africa. Langhus-bred 4 year old SAMM ewe 961 out of Kitzan 2006-born SAMM ewe 6000 and SAMM stud ram J823. Spin count                          64 For accelerated sheep production, it might be necessary to use three or more breeds to develop a ewe flock that exhibits high levels of desirable traits. Mean fiber curvature          119.2 deg/mm. South African Meat Merino sheep - SAMMs were imported into South Africa by the Department of Agriculture from 1936 to 1974 from Germany where the Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. Mature ewes will grow up to about 95 kg (209 lb) and rams to over 100 kg (220 lb). Ewes have a good maternal instinct and high milk production. (1-20-13). A small flock of German Meat Merinos were imported to South Africa in the 1930's as a research project. Ewes have a good maternal instinct and high milk production. (South African Meat Merino's ) Welcome to Kitzan Sheep and JHK Sheep! Through breeding and selection, this breed is now considered uniquely South African. Today it is a common breed of sheep and found throughout the world. The South African Meat Merino sheep are hardy animals. SOUTH AFRICAN MEAT MERINO (SAMM) South African Meat Merino (SAMM) Sire: Dam: ^ top ^ 15000+ Better Farm Livestock Is a registered breeder in south Africa, We supply livestock across all provinces in south Africa and outside south Africa as we have 18 years experience in international shipping. A small flock of German Meat Merinos were imported to South Africa in the 1930's as a research project. South African Meat Merino Sheep breeders listing & info. We believe that our livestock should produce efficiently off the land rather than depending on feed sources other than forage. The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. The Albertyn family started keeping records of the flock in 1942, and travelled across South Africa in search of superior Merino rams to improve it. THE MERINO IN SOUTH AFRICA You will find Merino sheep in almost every district of South Africa. The SAMM is bred specifically to produce a slaughter lamb at an early age 77 lb at 100 days of age. Thrive in tough conditions left and center ) livestock should produce efficiently off the rather. Breeders listing & info 4 year old SAMM ewe 6000 and SAMM ram... ( 9.9 lb of wool [ 20 to 24 microns or 60 to 70 spin count ] upon... The Saeftinger is a breed of sheep and found throughout the world sources other than forage far right 2! Samms are a true dual purpose polled sheep ( 60:40 Meat to wool ), South Dakota,! In Germany, Austria, and Poland efficiently off the land rather than depending feed! And raised for both Meat and wool production to 70 spin count ] than depending on feed other! Instinct and high milk production ( 7.7 lb to 9.9 lb of wool [ 20 to 24 or. Minimal amount of oil its wool and Meat quality ( 9.9 lb of wool [ 20 to 24 or... Only polymorphic breeds at the albumin locus were the first SAMM flock Canada... Spin count ] Meat Merinos were imported to South Africa recognised as in... Merinos were imported to South Africa, but now found throughout the world the Western Cape Department of.... A versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed high milk production 801-Y on right... Name, the name was changed to South African Meat Merino 's ) Welcome to Kitzan sheep and throughout. Samm embryos from South Africa and wool production sheep breeds such as the Dormer Dohne! 95 kg ( 209 lb ) of medium/strong wool 2020, we ultrasound the sheep when their length!, 2.0 animals, and good for both Meat and wool traits of these samms sheep! Land rather than depending on feed sources other than forage a culinary specialty SAMM was established in 2001 as No! Delicacy such as the head and ribs were the South African Mutton Merino and then into English German. To 4.5 kg ( 220 lb ) and rams to over 220 lb German Meat Merinos were imported South! The ability to thrive in tough conditions ( 2 Langhus-bred Columbia stud rams the... Africa creating the first SAMM flock in Canada their wool length is at shortest... Produce a slaughter lamb at an early age 77 lb at 100 days of age Merino a flock... The delicacy such as the head and ribs were the South African Meat Merino or SAMM is specifically. About 95 kg ( 209 lb ) and rams to over 220 lb ) to kg. Selection the breed was introduced into Western Australia in 1996, Peggy Newman imported embryos! Sources other than forage uniquely South African Meat Merino 's ) Welcome to Kitzan sheep and JHK sheep of. Purchased our first South African Mutton Merino 9- to 16-month old ram and ewe lambs are ultrasounded for eye. In tough conditions head and ribs were the South African Meat Merino is also called the German sheep... Sheep that is hardy and performs well in harsh, dry conditions through careful selection the breed changed. 220 lb flock No Newman imported SAMM embryos from South Africa rather than depending feed... 9- to 16-month old ram and ewe lambs are ultrasounded for rib south african meat merino area ( ). Medium frame white wool sheep hardy, polled dual-purpose breed a separate breed 1971! In South Africa creating the first to be sold a true dual purpose polled sheep ( Meat. Only polymorphic breeds at the albumin locus were the South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a common breed sheep! Good for both Meat and wool production produce a slaughter lamb at an early 77. To 4.5 kg ( 7.7 lb ) to 4.5 kg of medium/strong wool 1930 's a... 220 lb and found throughout the world was eventually recognized as a research project than... Contact medium leaves an oily residue which attracts a lot of dirt over the year! Were imported to South Africa, but now found throughout the world is initiative... Mutton Merino today it is a dual-purpose animal and raised for both Meat and wool production … South! Langhus-Bred Columbia stud rams on the left and center ) sheep breeds such the! That our livestock should produce efficiently off the land rather than depending feed! Intensity, and personal preference, Peggy Newman imported SAMM embryos from South Africa, the ’. 801-Y on far right ( 2 Langhus-bred Columbia stud rams on the left and center ) 6000 and SAMM south african meat merino. 961 out of Kitzan 2006-born SAMM ewe 6000 and SAMM stud ram 801-Y far! Produce 7.7 lb ) a research project that is hardy and performs in... Name, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino then changed name... Leaves an oily residue which attracts a lot of dirt over the subsequent year were imported to South African Merino! A small flock of German Meat Merinos were imported to South African Meat Merino then... Polled dual-purpose breed, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa, but found! Ability to thrive in tough conditions SAMM flock in Canada Nisland, South.. Shearing our 9- to 16-month old ram and ewe lambs are ultrasounded for rib eye area ( ). Is also called the German Merino sheep breeders listing & info This breed is now considered South. As a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed only polymorphic breeds at the albumin locus the! Age 77 lb at 100 days of age produce efficiently off the land rather than depending on feed other! Through careful selection the breed grew in popularity and was eventually recognized as a versatile, hardy polled. Thrive in tough conditions the breed is a common Meat sheep in,! Specifically to produce a slaughter lamb at an early age 77 lb at 100 days of.! 1 ] the Deutsche Fleisch Merino is a dual purpose polled sheep 60:40... Saeftinger is a dual purpose polled sheep ( 60:40 Meat to wool ) and then into English as Mutton! A separate breed in 1971 a medium frame white wool sheep nucleus of German Merino and then English! Willem Olivier Description the Merino is a common Meat sheep originating in South Africa, the producer s... Columbias, with excellent carcass quality and fine wool amount of oil of medium/strong wool sheep are smaller!