The blood. (aerobic oxidation). Synthesis of plasma protein & most blood clotting factors from amino. The chapters open with a list of objectives to guide the reader, and most end with questions which challenge the reader’s understanding of the concepts covered with in the chapter. This oxygenated blood from right and left lungs is collected by four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium. This deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into the right atrium of heart. PHARMACOGNOSY NOTES. (ventricular systole 0.3 sec). Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho. Describe selective reabsorption. The normal human has 12-15 breath per min. It has 2 curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. The small area of the retina where the optic nerve leave the eye is known as optic disc or blind spot as no light sensitive cells are present here. • Intensive properties: Properties which are independent of the amount of the substances in the system, e.g. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). Q4. Blood with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the stomach & intestine goes to liver first. This book “A Textbook of Pharmacognosy” written Pharmacy students, i.e., for undergraduate, postgraduate, paramedical and other professionals. (D.Pharmacy) Chopda Dist.Jalgaon (M.S.) Solve any four of the following: 12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation. - C. A. Seydler was a medical student at Halle, Germany. The melanin pigment protects against the harmful UV, Regulation of body temp.- The temp. Had their expertise documented properly it would help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of these herbs. creatinine are not at all absorbed. Occulomotor – movement of the eyeball, change shape of lens, Constriction of pupil, raising the upper lid. (1 mark each), Mitochondria is known as power house of cell. It is a site of synthesis of proteins that are exported from, b) Define tissue. Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone.) A. Schmidt used this term in his Lehrbuch der materia medica in 1811, to describe the study of medicinal plants and their properties. passes through the secondary capillary bed, the hepatic sinusoid in the liver before entering the general circulation via the inferior vena cava. Subpages (1): Hospital&Clinical Pharmacy Notes. There will be no agglutination and thus blood can be safely transfused into A, B, AB and O. but can receive from only O.Therefore, blood group O is called universal donor. Give functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. (1 mark) Write their function. The pulmonary arteries divide into two branches each enters the right and left lungs. Exocrine gland: The glands that discharge their secretions through the duct are known as exocrine glands. Pharcognosy by Dr.Agnes Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth, Prof. Dr. Peter Molnar. of professional pharmacy students and graduate students. It increases the reabsorption of Na ions. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. The cycle consists of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days & secretary phase for 14 days. . The superior & inferior vena cava transport the deoxygenated blood into right atrium. The deoxygenated/ impure blood from right ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve. The central retina has macula lutea or yellow spot made up of only cone cells. The purpose of this process is to reabsorb those constituents of the filtrate which are essential to the body, maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance and the alkalinity of blood. -According to some recent historical research, the physician J. There are a few downloadable books in this subject to download in one click. (Otto Augustus), 1846-1922. Urea is formed from the nitrogenous portion which is excreted in urine. Endocrine glands: Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans). These substances are called high- threshold substances. adrenal glands, pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female. temperature, pressure, density, surface tension, and viscosity of pure liquid. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle, e) What is reflex action? B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels. pharmacognosy a textbook for students of pharmacy Oct 07, 2020 Posted By Erle Stanley Gardner Public Library TEXT ID 9494e882 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library scientific and other l disciplines providing a unified and comprehen sive treatment of medicinal plants this … It regulates water & electrolyte balance. (1 mark), l) What is B.P.? Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. ( e)Deficiency of vitamin K. The superior vena cava (for upper body) and inferior vena cava (for lower body) receive deoxygenated /impure blood from various part of the body through different veins. (Reflex action 1 ½ marks, diagram 1 ½ marks), Sudden withdrawal of hand if fingers touch something, Quick recovery of the balance of the body to prevent falling after a, Sudden coughing attack if a food particle is, f) Mention layers of epidermis of skin. Glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid. stimulation: Constriction of pupils causing miosis. As a result, the pressure inside the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure. Residual volume: It is the volume of air remaining in lungs after forced Normal value is 1.2 L in males and 1.1 L in females. Free pharmacy ebooks- Pharmacognosy: Here is the list of free pharmacy ebooks belongs to Pharmacognosy subject. is constant at 36.8. Chromatographic, chemical and physical tests, together with assay procedures, are given for many drugs for which previously there was no quantitative evaluation of the chemical constituents available. Breakdown of RBCs & defense against This is carried out by Kupffer cells. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. Smooth ER synthesizes lipids and steroid hormones and associated with detoxification of drugs. j) Name any two cranial nerves with their function. Tag: pharmacology pdf notes Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. Reproduction is the process of formation of offspring OR It is defined as process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to another & thus maintains continuation of species. D.- 7-dehydroxycholesterol is present in the skin. SA node (sinoatrial node) This is small mass of specialized neuromuscular cells in the walls of myocardium of right atrium near the opening of the superior vena cava. Immediately after action potential is over, the previously released Ca ions recombine with reticulum and the muscle contraction stops. The book deals with the drugs derived from the vegetable and animal kingdoms with reference to the forms in which they occur in the crude drug trade. (2) Factors retarding clotting are (any 3 points, 1.5 marks): In clinical condition like haemophilia, liver disease, afibrinogenemia, Christmas disease, Removal calcium ions from the blood by addition of sodium or potassium or citrate, (b) Describe how circulation of blood takes place through heart chambers. ( names of layers 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks), Protection – It forms the water proof layer & protects the inner delicate structures. PHarmacy ( Pharm D , B - Pharm ,M-Pharm , D Pharm) Lecture Notes Links collected from the website of : Hindu College Of Pharmacy . FREE Medical Lecture Notes, Study Guides, and Exam Help for Medical Students. In the lungs, the red blood cells (RBCs) release carbon dioxide and absorbs oxygen. Blood cells – Red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leucocytes and platelets or thrombocytes. After expiration there is pause & then the next cycle begins. 1 mark, classification 1 mark), Connective tissue proper: i) Areolar tissu ii) Adipose tissue, Specialised connective tissue: i) Bone ii) Cartilage, i) Blood ii) Lymphoid tissue, f) What is SA node & AV node? Retina is the innermost layer of the eye. of Tech. 1).Introduction of biochemistry2).Principle of biochemistry3).Biomolecules • Amino acid • Carbohydrate The air from the lungs is expelled from the lungs. Notes on pharmacognosy by Wall, O. Proliferative phase: It is characterized by release of oestrogen by the maturing ovarian follicle under the influence of FSH from the anterior pituitary. The acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane to increase its permeability. Thus the two hormones help to maintain the blood sugar level constant. Hypoglossal – Supplies to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in swallowing & speech. The male reproductive system consists of the following organs: the whole muscle extends beyond the fibres to become the tendon which attaches the muscle to the bone or skin. Oestrogen stimulates the proliferation of the endometrium in preparation of the fertilized ovum. Bachelor of Pharmacy is also known as B.Pharm is as a 4-year professional undergraduate course for the students who are interested do work in the Medicine Sector like research in medicinal drugs as well as developing of them in manufacturing and also supply the medications in Market. The UV light from the sun converts it to vit. Sound vibrations of tympanic membrane are amplified & transmitted by these bones. Men of all ages in both developing and undeveloped countries use plants in an attempt to cure various diseases and to get relief from physical sufferings. But can donate only to AB. It also helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration. pharmacognosy a textbook for students of pharmacy Oct 03, 2020 Posted By Robert Ludlum Library TEXT ID 9494e882 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library pharmacognosy phytochemistry lab pharmacognosy is the study of starting material and substance intended for … These antigens determine their blood groups. Protein metabolism: Deamination of amino -removes nitrogenous portion from amino acid not required for formation of new protein. Give function of kidney. Parasympathetic stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction Skeletal blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels: Vasodilation. It gets bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit. Adrenal cortex produces three groups of hormones namely glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens. Cataract: This is opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral. Give physiology of neuromuscular transmission. B.Pharmacy Notes for 2nd year students download in pdf. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper which are very important for your examinations. Transfusion of any group into these individuals is safe since there are no antibodies to react with them. 1 mark, functions 2 marks), HCl acidifies the food & stops the action of salivary, Pepsinogen is activated to pepsin by HCl. It is known as pacemaker of the heart as it initiates the impulses. This phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e. When nutrients and oxygen come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. It is continuous with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter. The impulses may then pass to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the spinal cord. Pharmacognosy PDF Notes. Solve any four of the following: 12, Tidal volume: It is the volume of air moved in & out of lungs during normal breathing. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Q.5 Solve any four of the following: (12 marks, 03 marks each), (1) Factors accelerating clotting are( any 3 points, 1.5 marks), Injury to the walls of the blood vessels: An injury in the form of cut bleeds more freely than the injury by the. After the contraction of the ventricles there is complete cardiac diastole(0.4 sec) when both atria & ventricles relax. The venous blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava. Normally it conducts the impulses that are originated by SA node. The endometrium becomes thicker by rapid cell multiplication and this is accompanied by an increase in the number of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries. Presbyopia: As a process of aging, the lens loses its elasticity; the distant objects are seen clear but close objects are, Olfactory – sense of smell, Optic – sense of light/vision. You can also downlod PDF. Draw a well labeled diagram of typical neuron. Notes on Solutions by Qasim Page 4 Physical Properties of Substances • Extensive Properties: Properties which depend on the quantity of the matter in the system, e.g. Transamination: Removes the nitrogenous portion of amino acid & attaches it to carbohydrate molecule forming new non-essential amino acid. Far vision is normal but close vision is blurred, because the near image is focused behind the retina as eye ball length is too short or due to flattened, Write the functions of hypothalamus. (muscle tone 1 mark, functions 2 marks), Smooth muscles helps contraction & relaxation of blood vessels & controls blood flow & movement of the food in the alimentary, Cardiac muscles help in the functioning of, )Give the composition & function of gastric juice. It gets stimulated by the light rays. Among them numerous plants have been reported to be medicinal plants. Give the various functions of medulla oblongata. Drug Inspector, GPAT, NIPER, Bpharm, Mpharm study material. Individuals have different antigens on the surface of their RBCs. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. There are light sensitive cells mainly of two types: the rods and, The entire retina contains about 7 million cones and 75 to 150 million, Rods function mainly in dim light and provide black-and-white vision, The rods have rhodopsin or visual purple is photosensitive pigment. Explain proliferative phase of menstruation. Many crude drugs once generally categorized as herbal remedies are now, in accordance with Continental European practice, described in the British Pharmacopoeia (BP). Name the factors affecting B.P. This helps the churning movement & peristaltic movement. X Exclude words from your search Put - in front of a word you want to leave out. Good for pharmacy students.’ ‘This is an ultimate textbook in this subject and a boon for students of M Pharmacy (Pharmacognosy) as well as undergraduates students of Pharmacy. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. (e) Define nephritis. (3 marks). Parasymp. May 12, 2018. it regulates B.P. Hence it is called as universal recipient. Our ancestors had a profound knowledge of these medicinal plants and they knew innumerable remedies, a fact indicated in the writings of Siddhars of Tamil Nadu. ADH from posterior pituitary increases the permeability of the tubule & increases water reabsorption. (each def 1 mark, any 4 endocrine glands 1 mark), f) Define menstruation. amine group is set free which forms, Metabolism of fat: Whenever energy is needed, the saturated stored fat is converted to a form in which it can be used to provide, Destruction of RBCs forming bile pigments and, Formation of heparin, a natural anticoagulant in the, Maintenance of body temperature: As a number of chemical reactions occur in the liver, heat is generated which is helpful in maintaining body, Excretion of toxic substances: The toxic substances entering the body through alimentary canal are destroyed in, Carbohydrate metabolism: It helps in maintaining plasma glucose level with the help of insulin &, Fat metabolism: Stored fat can be converted to a form in which it can be used by the tissue to provide. & touch for face & head, stimulates muscle of mastication, Abducent – abduction of eye ball, Facial – conveys impulse from taste buds & supplies muscles of facial expression, Auditory (vestibulocochlear) – conveys impulses to the cerebellum for posture &, Glossopharyngeal – Sense of taste, production of saliva and movement of, Vagus – Secretion, movement in organs, Accessory – Movements of head, shoulder, pharynx and larynx. Normal value is 500, Inspiratory reserve volume: It is the amount of air that can be breathed in and above the tidal volume by the deepest possible inspiration. AV node- (atrioventricular node): This is the mass of neuromuscular cells in the wall of the atrial septum near the AV valves. 2 Comments on Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. It is known as secondary pace maker as it generates the impulses when there is problem with SA node. structure_of_protiens.pdf: File Size: 106 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. Sympathetic stimulation: Dilation of pupils causing mydriasis. Besides them, it is . Alongwith D.pharm 1st year we have also notes for the d.pharm 2nd year students. To equalise the pressure the air from atmosphere enters the lungs. Excretion- Skin is a minor excretory organ & excretes NaCl, urea & sub. Although pharmacognosy is principally concerned with plant mat… Storage of glycogen, iron, copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D,E, K, soluble vit. Students of d.pharm 2nd year can easily download by selecting the subjects of notes they want to download. Skeletal muscles contract & help the movement of the body & stability of the joint. The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Endocrine glands are ductless glands which release their secretions (hormones) directly into the blood. They are a part of defensive mechanisms of the body. (no-threshold substances) Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate. Home / DPHARM / Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year ₹ 49.00 ₹ 10.00 It lasts for 2 sec. Dear Students , Down load Notes and Power point slides attached to this page. DRUG INSPECTOR Practice Question & Answers – … Clik on the download here option to get the soft copy. Write various events in cardiac cycle. Whenever the blood sugar level falls below the normal the glycogen stored in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon. Name the endocrine glands. (Any 2, 2 marks), k) What are auditory ossicles? which are very important for your examinations. The research mission of the department is the discovery, design, analysis, and further development of potential drugs … You can also downlod PDF. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). The state Tamil Nadu is endowed with a very rich flora due to the various physiographic features and physiognomic factors and different types of vegetation exist in the state. Formation of vit. This digests protein to smaller, Intrinsic factor absorbs vit. The impulses from the SA node spreads over the atria, atria contracts, the AV valves open and & blood flows to ventricles. An Easier Road Through Medical University is Only One Click Away! & Comm.Pharmacy Human Anatomy and Physiology Job Mcqs Medicinal Chemistry Notes Organic chemistry Patent Agents Pharma News Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Engineering Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Pharmaceutics Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacology & Toxicology Physical pharmacy Question Papers Quiz semester 1 Student … Pharmacology Notes PPT PDF - ANTICANCER DRUGS ... Pharmacy Notes, Uncategorized Leave a comment Post navigation. The process of inspiration is active as it needs energy for muscle contraction. A.R.Chaudhary Lecturer Smt.Sharadchandrika Suresh Patil Inst. Pharmacognosy Lecture Note Pharmacognosy Scribd pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf ppt index april 17th, 2018 - below i compiled a list of download ready ppt and pdf files on pharmacognosy notes for pharmd dpharm pharmb and bpharm pharmacy students the list below will cover most of the The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Sensory neuron (1 mark): They carry information from the body to the spinal cord. Portion from amino passes through the duct are known as photopsins or iodopsin ) present in atmosphere into the sugar! %, plasma proteins, pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf salts, nutrients, waste material hormones... Through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood from ventricle into.... Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction skeletal blood vessels via seventh rib & known as exocrine glands book! 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Necrosis PDF PPT when there is complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec ) when atria. Salt, mucus, HCl, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen functions of gastric juice- tissue iv ) Yellow elastic,. These bones the UV light from the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure download by selecting subjects!