One argument that was Athens should not offer help to a potential future enemy. This indeed led to friction between Athens and the other members, but as Athens had naval control over the seas, the only other alternatives were that of the Spartans and the Persians. The Age of Pericles refers to part of the Classical Age of Greece, when the dominant polis—in terms of culture and politics—was Athens, Greece. Following a huge earthquake in the Peloponesse in 462 B.C. N.S. ), on the Acropolis. Athens Died 429 B.C. He also led Athens during the period of the Peloponnesian War. left his mark on the world in far more ways than the iconic Acropolis that still defines the skyline of Athens. when Pericles became the leader of Athens, he moved the treasury from Delos to the acropolis. Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. During his reign from 461 B.C. The Age of Pericles was known as a period of _____ and _____ Parthenon Pericles is responsible for constructing this famous building which took 15 years, 20,000 tons of marble and $3 billion (in today's money) to complete. Pericles : The Age Of Pericles Essay 2135 Words | 9 Pages. While he was not a king or dictator in charge of Athens, Greece, Pericles was the foremost statesman of Athens from 461-429. Formerly known as the Golden Age of Athens, the later part being the Age of Pericles, it was buoyed by political hegemony, economic growth and cultural flourishing. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. See more. The widely held belief when it comes to the Parthenon is that. He was a smart military leader and a patron of art. Pericles was a timid leader who made very little difference to the development of Athens. Pericles was obsessed with riches, and he promoted trade to make himself wealthy. Temples topped the Acropolis, which was behind the Pnyx hill where the assembly of the people gathered. The Golden Age of Pericles is finally over and the Greece of the Classical Period enters one of the most intense periods of its history. A golden age started in Athens with great cultural and artistic attainment. There were also renowned philosophers like Democritus during this period, as well as sophists. He was so important to Athens that his name defines the Periclean age ("The Age of Pericles"), a period when Athens rebuilt what had been destroyed during the recent war with Persia (the Greco-Persian or Persian Wars). Athens Nationality Greek Military General (Strategos) Pericles (c. 495-429 B.C.) in Athens to an aristocratic family. Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. His mother was the niece of Cleisthenes, a great political reformer. But then the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431. Besides Pericles, Herodotus the father of history and his successor, Thucydides, and the 3 famous Greek dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides lived during this period. He was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically influential Alcmaeonid family. However, Athens was split over what to do. The period during which he led Athens, roughly from 461 to 429 BC, is sometimes known as the "Age of Pericles,". The plague was especially deadly because people were crowded together within the walls of Athens, Greece, for strategic reasons connected with the war. and ends with either the empire-building or the death of the Macedonian leader Alexander the Great (323 B.C.). when Pericles became the leader of Athens, he moved the treasury from Delos to the acropolis. Pericles was repeatedly elected to be one of the 10 strategoi (generals). Leo von Klenze [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. No wonder that the age of Pericles has been called the golden age of Greek civilisation. The Persians had destroyed much of the city during the Persian Wars. The Age of Pericles: A History of the Politics and Arts of Greece from the Persian to the Peloponnesian War - Vol. Artists and sculptors, playwrights and poets, architects and philosophers all found Athens an exciting and enlivening atmosphere for their work. However, during Pericles definition, Athenian statesman. Most of the cultural wonders that we associate with ancient Greece come from this period. The Delian League, which was established to prevent against the Persian threat or attack from outsiders, had seemed to run its course in relation to its original objectives. His father, Xanthippus, was a distinguished soldier and political leader. ** The image above shows "The Acropolis at Athens" by Leo von Klenze There is a single name that signifies this artistic period: Pericles. This belief of mistrust of the Athens was shown when Sparta ended its membership of the Dfelian League in 465 B.C. He had new temples and statues built across the city. Pericles initiated the building of the Acropolis structures. He guided Athens for 30 years, from 461, to 429 B.C., when he was first elected, until he died. Eventually the Spartans reluctantly agreed, as they needed their delegation back. Sparta was very fragile at this time and had to ask Athens for assistance. In 461 B.C. A statesman of ancient Greece, who tried to unite the country under the leadership of his own city, Athens (see also Athens).Pericles also promoted democracy within Athens. During the Age of Pericles, Athens blossomed as a center of education, art, culture, and democracy. for print copy click here. Many historians refer to the era as the age of Pericles. During the Age of Pericles, a great deal of notable dramatic writers entertained the masses, which included: Aeschylus (~ 525,456 BC) Aeschylus focused on writing pieces centered on mythological and religious themes. The characteristics of the Periclean age have been discussed here. Pericles was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during its golden age – specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. Pericles is credited with moving the treasury of the Delian League to Athens, Greece, and using its money to rebuild the Acropolis temples that the Persians had destroyed. The Age of Pericles runs from the middle of the 5th century to either his death at the start of the Peloponnesian War or the end of the war, in 404. Pericles encouraged growth in the arts, including music and drama. Pericles introduced payment for public offices in Athens. The money was supposed to be for the defense of Athens and its Greek allies. to 429 B.C. Athens under Pericles saw the construction of the Acropolis and the glory of the Parthenon, begun in 447 BCE. Sometimes the term "Classical Age" refers to the entire expanse of ancient Greek history, from the archaic period, but when used to distinguish one era from the next, the Classical Age of Greece begins with the Persian Wars (490-479 B.C.) The last phase in the political development of Athens and its democracy occurred during the political ascendancy of the democratic leader Pericles. was the Athenian leader responsible for rebuilding the state of Athens when the Persian wars came to an end. Cimon left for Sparta with about 4000 troops to show that Athens was acting under good intentions. He was a patron of the arts from an early age and continued to promote literature and philosophy as an adult. Age of Pericles . The Age of Pericles uses the career of the leading Athenian politician and general from c. 450–429 B.C. Pericles turned the Delian League into an Athenian empire and led his countrymen during the first two years of the Peloponnesian War. A golden age started in Athens with great cultural and artistic attainment. From confederacy to empire The Athens assumed the leadership of the Aegean Greeks after the battle of Mycale. The Age of Pericles runs from the middle of the 5th century to either his death at the start of the Peloponnesian War or the end of the war, in 404. At the same time, civil wars break out and entire civilizations collapse. This was an abuse of the treasury funds. Though Sparta did envy the port of Piraeus, it was not seen as a threat. Born to a wealthy family, Pericles took on the reigns of Athens in his early thirties. Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant o… Pericles' preeminent building project was the Parthenon (447-432 B.C. Pericles, the man whose name has the meaning “surrounded by glory” behind it certainly lived up to that title, considering the years he ruled Athens is known to be called the ‘Age of Pericles’. The famed Athenian sculptor Pheidias, who was also responsible for the chryselephantine statue of Athena, supervised this project. No cover image. Athens used the league in many ways, such as economically, territorially, religiously and politically. 1. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. Pericles was strongly influenced by Aspasia, a female philosopher and courtesan from Miletus, who lived in Athens, Greece. Cimon became the influential figure in policy towards Sparta. The Classical Age is followed by the Hellenistic Age that Alexander ushered in. Useful reading: Russel Meiggs, The Athenian Empire; Victor Ehrenberg, From Solon to Socrates. Pericles, along with many others, died of an undetermined plague during the war. Amazing world (15) ANCIENT GREECE (3) basic knowledge (27) EARLIEST STATES 16TH MAHAJANPADS (1) INDUS VALLEY (3) LATER VEDIC AGE (3) MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATION (3) pre-historic period (1) RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS OF SIXTH CENTURY B.C. The Parthenon was built during the Age of Pericles and the architects Ictinos and Kallikrates began building the Parthenon in 447 BC under Phidias and was basically finished in 432 BC with the decorations being finished in 431 BC. Lecture 16 - Radical Democracy in the Age of Pericles. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Golden Age of Pericles 18-12-2012 15:39 Fifth century BC was a period of Athenian political hegemony, economic growth and cultural flourishing, also known as Classical Greece , the Golden Age of Athens or else The Age of Pericles . The Age of Pericles . After some trickery by Themistocles, who visited Sparta and a group of Spartan delegates who went to Athens, the Spartans were persuaded that the walls were in no way a threat to them. Most of the 50 years after the Persian Wars were dominated by the figure of the brilliant Athenian statesman Pericles. In this video we will examine the rise of Pericles as well as the Golden Age of Athens. Monetary History of Athens Pericles. as a prism through which to view this brief but remarkable era, and to ask why that echo has persisted for so long. However, these two walls raised many questions among the Spartans, and it was believed that their purpose was of a hostile nature. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447. 2. Often times, he is seen as the father (or the founder) of tragedy. He suffered from plague and breathed his last in 429 B.C. The painter Polygnotus (5th century BCE) created his famous works which were later immortalized by Pausanias (c. 110 - 180 CE). After Cimon, the son of Miltiades, became a key politician in Athens, the policy of Athens towards Sparta became less aggressive. While the latter was courtesy the inheritance, the former was an ability honed through myriad battles. 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